China - the birthplace of football
An artifact from ancient China describes a kid playing cuju Air Force One Mid Solde , kept at the Linzi Football Museum, Shangdong province.[PhotoIC] What does an ancient football look like? Culture insider: China, birthplace of football The painting portrays Emperor Xuanzong of the Ming Dynasty watching and taking part in a cuju game. [PhotoPalace Museum] Culture insider: China, birthplace of football The painting portrays Emperor Xuanzong of the Ming Dynasty watching and taking part in a cuju game. [PhotoPalace Museum] The painting by Huang Shen depicts Zhao Kuangyin, the founding emperor of the Song Dynasty playing cuju with his brother Zhao Guangyi, the following emperor, and other ministers. [PhotoPalace Museum] The painting ""The Maids"" by Du Jin from the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) shows several women playing cuju. [Photocms.smejs] [PhotoPalace Museum] L: An image of women playing football engraved on a bronze mirror. R: Women were good at playing football during the Tang Dynasty (618-907). [Photoabsolutechinatours] [PhotoPalace Museum] Upper: During ancient China's Han Dynasty (206BC - 220 AD) Air Force One Haute Solde , the Chinese played football in the Palace for fun. Lower: During the Han Dynasty the Chinese played football for military training purposes. [Pictureabsolutechinatours] Cuju was favored by emperors of the Song Dynasty when it reached its prime time. [Photo cathay.ce] [PhotoPalace Museum]
On July 15, 2004, Sepp Blatter, president of FIFA, formally announced to the world that football originated in Zibo, Shandong province, China. But not many know that the sport was originally called ""cuju"" in ancient China.
Cuju first appeared in the renowned ancient Chinese historical work Zhan Guo Ce (""Strategies of the Warring States"") compiled which described cuju as a form of entertainment among the general public.
Later Air Force One Grise Solde , cuju was commonly played in the army for military training purposes, during the Han Dynasty.
As a way of national culture protection, cuju was listed into the first batch of China's intangible cultural heritages in 2006.
What does an ancient football look like?
Cuju, as the ancestor of football, has undergone many changes throughout China's history.
During the Tang Dynasty, the original hair-stuffed ball made out of two pieces of leather was replaced by an air-filled ball made of 8 pieces of cuspate leather, making the ball rounder and lighter.
Then during the Song Dynasty Air Force One Flyknit Homme Solde , the manufacturing skill of the football further improved. The eight pieces of cuspate leather developed into 12 pieces of better feathers, and the ball was more closely jointed together, fully round, and weighing 12 liang (600g). Moreover, at the time there were already 40 different kinds of varieties, and each had its strong points and flaws.
Interesting facts about cuju:
1. Many emperors were football fans in ancient China
Throughout the country's long history, many Chinese emperors were big fans of cuju Air Force One Flyknit Femme Solde , such as Cao Cao, lord of Wei during the Three Kingdoms period (AD 220-280), Liu Bang and Liu Che, emperors during the Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 220), Li Shimin and Li Longji, emperors during the Tang Dynasty (AD 618-907).
Emperor Hangaozu Liu Bang, the first emperor of the Western Han Dynasty was a cuju fan Air Force One Flyknit Solde , who not only liked watching cuju games, but always tried his footwork on the playground.
Liu Che, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, who was crazy about cuju, would establish a cuju court wherever his army arrived during the war. He used cuju as a way of training soldiers.
The Tang Dynasty has the most emperor fans and many of them during the Tang Dynasty were also fond of polo, like Emperor Li Xuan, who boasted that he could be a Zhuangyuan (the number one scholar) if he took a polo exam.
Zhao Kuangyin Air Force One Bottes Solde , the founding emperor of the Song Dynasty was a big fan of cuju, along with his brother Zhao Guangyi, the following emperor, who always played cuju on the pitch together.
As a cuju fan, Zhao Ji, Emperor Huizong of the Song Dynasty, set a rule that every year on his birthday day Air Force One Bordeaux Solde , cuju games would be held for him.
2. Women were also good cuju players in ancient times
The earliest record of women cuju players can be traced back to the Han Dynasty. We can see from the paintings there were girls with their hair put up, waving their long sleeves and looked chic when playing cuju.
Up to the Tang Dynasty, women players prevailed at the royal court, as emperors enjoyed watching football games. At that time, various skills were widely used in playing cuju, mainly serving as entertainment performances.
Moreover, unlike the men's game Air Force One Bleu Solde , the women's pitch did not have any goals or a set number of players. Sometimes only two women were enough for a match. Of course this match was much less intense than a men's match. It was more like a leisure game.
3. Xiang Chu - the craziest football fan in the history
Xiangchu, living in the Western Han Dynasty, was well-known as the first craziest football fan in history.
According to the Shih Chi, the historical record written by Sima Qian, Xiang Chu was diagnosed to have a serious illness and was told by the doctor to rest himself, but he couldn't restrain himself and went to play cuju, which resulted in his later death.
4. Gao Qiu – the most famous football star in Chinese history
Gao Qiu Air Force One Blanche Solde , previously a Shutong (a boy serving in a scholar's study) for the literary master Su Dongpo during the Song Dynasty, was later recommended to an official in court.
Once he was sent to give gifts to Zhao Ji（the later Emperor Song Huizong）, and when he arrived, ther
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